What Is a Sprained Wrist?

Tuesday, 1 August 2017

Many of us take our wrists for granted, but the truth is we wouldn't be able to do much without them. The constant bending and twisting motions our wrists carry out each day are a large part of the way we manipulate objects and go about our lives. Likewise, most of us have heard about sprained wrists, and many of us have experienced the condition. But what exactly is a sprained wrist, and what happens to a wrist that is sprained? At WristSupports.co.uk, we're committed to educating our customers, so let's take a deeper look at what a sprained wrist really is.

What Is a Sprained Wrist?

A sprain is one of the most common wrist injuries resulting from sports and our daily lives, but it is also one of the most highly misdiagnosed ones. Bruises, breaks and sprains can all share common symptoms, but their impacts on our wrists are very different.

Simply put, a sprain is an injury to a ligament. Ligaments are the strong bands of connective tissue that connect one bone to another, allowing us to carry out fine controlled movements with our hands and wrists. There are many ligaments that can become strained or torn, resulting in a range of severity of pain and localised restrictions of movement.

From mild to severe, wrist sprains are graded depending on the degree of injury to the ligaments. The three categories of sprain are as follows:

  • Grade 1: This most minor category of sprain occurs when ligaments are stretched, without becoming torn. This sprain will usually result in pain, without much interruption of actual wrist function.

  • Grade 2: This moderate level of sprain occurs when ligaments are partially torn, while not entirely. These sprains may result in some loss of function to the hand.

  • Grade 3: These sprains are severe, and occur when the ligament is completely torn. These injuries can be significant, and can often require professional medical care and even surgery.

    • In some cases, severe Grade 3 sprains may cause a small chip of bone to tear away with the ligament. This phenomenon is called an avulsion fracture.

Wrist pain caused by sprained wrist inflammation

Causes of a Sprained Wrist

Our wrists are one of the most common areas of the body to injure, as they're involved in nearly everything we do. The natural instinct to put our hands out to break a fall may save certain parts of our body, but can put our wrists at risk. Wrist injuries are extremely common among athletes, as well as those just going about their business, and are largely unavoidable at some point in our lives. Common causes include:

  • Being hit on the wrist
  • Falling awkwardly
  • Unexpected twisting motions
  • Repetitive jarring motions
  • Sports such as rugby, cricket, gymnastics, skiing, and many others

Wrist Sprain Symptoms

Symptoms of a wrist sprain can vary greatly in both intensity and location, making them tricky to diagnose. The most common symptoms of a wrist sprain include:

  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Acute pain after an impact
  • Persistent pain when moving wrist
  • Bruising of the skin around the wrist
  • Tenderness at the site of injury
  • A popping or tearing sensation
  • Excessive warmth of the skin around the wrist

How to Tell a Break From a Sprain?

One of the most common misdiagnoses of a wrist sprain is as a wrist fracture, and vice versa. This is because the two share a large number of symptoms in common, but require different treatments. In most cases, proper diagnosis will require an x-ray by your physician, but it's helpful to know the signs of each for proper first aid after injury. We've put together a few of the most reliable ways to tell before you reach the doctor's office:

Wrist Fractures

Wrist Sprains

  • Usually caused by a sudden impact
  • Causes a popping or cracking noise
  • Reduction of range of motion in fingers
  • Numbness to the general area
  • Limited movement of the wrist joint
  • Constant dull ache that doesn't ease up
  • Wrist can move, but causes discomfort
  • Redness or warmth at the wrist joint
  • Swelling or bruising to the area
  • Intermittent pain associated with movement (not a constant dull ache)

How to Treat Your Sprained Wrist?

With the exception of Grade 3 sprains, most sprained wrists can be treated with the traditional PRICE method of treatment. That stands for protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. After wrist injury you should apply an ice pack to the area as soon as possible, which will reduce both the pain and inflammation in the area, allowing the healing process to begin. Repeat every 2 hours as needed. Afterwards, use of a compression bandage for 10 minutes at a time is a great way to reduce swelling before you get your wrist brace to protect and immobilise the area.

For injuries that require extensive immobilisation, it's best to wear a splint for 1 - 2 weeks, allowing the ligament to rest and heal. After using your wrist splint to immobilise the area, gentle wrist strengthening exercises are recommended to get your wrist back to full health.

Wrist support for sprained wrist wristsupports.co.uk

Which Wrist Support Should I Choose?

For sprains to the wrist that require rest and immobilisation, the proper wrist support is key. A good wrist support will restrict movement in your wrist, forcing it to rest up and allow the ligaments to heal. Here at WristSupports.co.uk, we're serious about wrist health, and we stock the braces, supports and braces to prove it.

It's worth noting that while we have wrist supports for every type of sprain, you won't know for sure how severe your injury is before consulting a physician. Ask your doctor which wrist support is right for your sprain.

To take a look at the list of supports we've selected as the best for wrist sprains, view our full range of Wrist Supports for Sprained Wrists.

 

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